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國際貨運常見的成交方式及報關區別

FABUZHE:黄金城app  LAIYUAN:http://nunpoms.com  FABURIQI:2020-05-28  LIULAN:1334CI

摘要:通俗點講就是國外的客戶已經指定了貨代,只需要發貨方安排起運港的拖車和報關。也有EXW 出廠價直接在工廠交貨或者客戶指定地方交貨拖車報關都是客人安排,客戶自己提貨,工廠交貨就可以了。
 

國際貨運常見的成交方式及報關區別—黄金城app



貨運成交方式


  GUOJIMAOYIZHONGRUGUOQUEDINGHUOWUYAOCHUKOU,KEYIBAHUOYUNDEXIANGGUANSHIYIJIAOGEIHUODAI,SHOUXIANDELEJIEGUOJIHUOYUNJIZHONGBIJIAOCHANGJIANDECHENGJIAOFANGSHI。


1、FOBCHUANSHANGJIAOHUOJIAGE


  TONGSUDIANJIANGJIUSHIGUOWAIDEKEHUYIJINGZHIDINGLEHUODAI,ZHIXUYAOFAHUOFANGANPAIQIYUNGANGDETUOCHEHEBAOGUAN。YEYOUEXW CHUCHANGJIAZHIJIEZAIGONGCHANGJIAOHUOHUOZHEKEHUZHIDINGDIFANGJIAOHUOTUOCHEBAOGUANDOUSHIKERENANPAI,KEHUZIJITIHUO,GONGCHANGJIAOHUOJIUKEYILE。


2、CIFCHENGBENJIABAOXIANFEI、YUNFEI


  TONGSUDIANLIJIEJIUSHIMENDAOGANG(HANQIYUNGANGTUOCHE+BAOGUAN+HAIYUNFEI)XIANZAIYIBANSHUODEBUHANBAOXIAN,KEHUYAOQIUMAIBAOXIANDEANHUOZHIJISUAN,YEKEYIYONGSHUYUCIPZHISHICIFYIBANZHIZAIHAIYUNZHONGSHIYONG,CIPSHIYONGYUGEZHONGYUNSHUFANGSHIBAOKUODUOSHILIANYUN,BIRUKONGYUN 。


3、DDUSHUANGQINGWEIWANSHUIJIAOHUO


  DDPJISHUANGQINGWANSHUIHOUJIAOHUO(HANSHUI)TONGSUDIANLIJIEJIUSHIMENDAOMEN,JINGCHANGSHUODESHUANGQINGYITIAOLONGHANQIYUNGANGTUOCHE+BAOGUAN+HAIYUN+MUDEGANGQINGGUAN,XUBUXUYAOSONGHUOSHANGMENZHUYAOQUJUEYUKEHUDEXUQIUXUYAOZHUYIDESHIDDPBIXUTIGONGHUOWUDEHUOZHIYINWEIJIAOSHUIYAOGENJUHUOWUDEJIAZHI。


  SUOYIXIANGHUODAIXUNJIADESHIHOU,ZUIHAOXIANSHUOMINGSHIFOB/CIF/DDU/DDPDENG。RUGUOSHIFOB,XUYAOTIGONG:HUOWUPINMING/JUXING/SHULIANG/ZHONGLIANG/ZHUANGHUODIZHI/QIYUNGANG/MAIDANorDANZHENG。DANGRAN,YEKENENGSHISANHUO,BUYONGTIGONGJUXINGZHIXUYAOTIGONGSHULIANG:JIGEFANG。



買單報關與單證報關的區別


YOUCHUKOUQUANDEQIYE/GONGCHANGCAIYOUDANZHENG,DANZHENGBAOGUANXUYAOTIGONGYIZHENGTAODEBAOGUANZILIAOGEIHUODAI/BAOGUANXING。GUOJIAJILICHUKOU,DUIYOUCHUKOUQUANDEQIYEJINXINGTUISHUISUOYI,DANZHENGBAOGUANDEQIYEZHUYAOSHIKEYISHENQINGTUISHUIJUTITUIDUOSHAOQUJUEYUHUOWUDUIYINGDEGUOJIAZHENGCE。


MAIDANBAOGUANZHIDESHIMEIYOUCHUKOUQUANDEQIYE,JIEZHUTARENDEDANZHENGJINXINGBAOGUAN,SUOYIMAIDANBAOGUANBUXUYAOTIGONGDANZHENGDANGRAN,YEBUXIANGYOUTUISHUIDEQUANLI。


CIFXUYAOTIGONG:

HUOWUPINMING/JUXING/SHULIANG/ZHONGLIANG/ZHUANGHUODIZHI/QIYUNGANG/MAIDANorDANZHENG,HUANYOUMUDEGANGDDU/DDPZEXUYAOGENJUKEHUJUTIDEYAOQIU,ZAICIFXINXIDEJICHUSHANG,KENENGXUYAOTIGONGHUOZHI/MUDEDIXIANGXIDIZHI/SHOUHUORENXINXIDENG。


DANGHUODAIJIESHOUDAOYISHANGXINXISHIHUIGEIFAHUOREN(KEHU)BAOJIAQUERENBAOJIAHOUJIEDAN,YIBANXUYAOKEHUTIGONG:ZHUANGXIANGDAN/TIGONGLUCANGDANGEIKEHUTIANXIEXINXIYUKEHUQUERENWUWUHOU(BAOKUOZHUANGXIANGDANXINXI/CHUANQIDENG)


YICIFWEILI:

HUODAIXIANGCHUANGONGSIDINGCANGANPAITUOCHE(LIEMINGJUHAO、CHEPAIHAO、SIJIJILIANXIDIANHUA)DENGCHUANGONGSIXIAFASO(DINGCANGDAN/TIXIANGDAN)


JIANGTIXIANGDANGEITUOCHESIJI,SIJINAZHUTIXIANGDANQUDUICHANGDADAN,DADANZHIHOU,HUINADAOYIFEN“SHEBEIJIAOJIEDAN”(YISHIDUOLIAN)HEYIGEQIANFENGSIJINAZHUZILIAOQUZHIDINGDEDUICHANGTIKONGJU,JIEZHUDAOGONGCHANGZHUANGJU,GONGCHANGZHUANGHAOHUOZHIHOU,YONGQIANFENGBAXIANGZIFENGSHANG(YIBANHUIPAIZHAOQUZHENG)ZAIJIANGFENGHAODEHUOJULAHUIMATOU。


 HUOJUDAODADUICHANGHOU,DUICHANGGENJUHUODAITIGONGDEYUPEICANGDANFAYUNDI,YOULE“YUPEICANGDAN”HE“YUNDIXINXI”ZHIHOU,BAOGUANXINGCAIKEYIBAOGUAN,TONGCHANGZUIHAOGEIBAOGUANLIUCHULIANGTIANSHIJIAN(CHUANJIEGUANQIAN)


 LIUCHENGJIUSHIZHEYANG,QITADESHIYISHIJUTIQINGKUANGWEIDINGNAZHUTIDAN/FAPIAO/ZHUANGXIANGDANDENGXINXIKEHUJIUKEYIZAIHUOWUDAOGANGHOUTIJU、QINGGUANDENG。


ZUICHANGJIANCHENGJIAOFANGSHIYOU:EXW  FOB  CFR  CIF


[EXW]

       EXW(Ex Works),ZHONGWENYISISHI“GONGCHANGJIAOHUO”,SHIZHIDANGMAIFANGZAIQISUOZAIDIHUOQITAZHIDINGDEDIDIAN(RUGONGCHANG、GONGCHANGHUOCANGKU)JIANGHUOWUJIAOGEIMAIFANGCHUZHISHI,JIWANCHENGJIAOHUO,MAIFANGBUBANLICHUKOUQINGGUANSHOUXUHUOJIANGHUOWUZHUANGSHANGRENHEYUNSHUGONGJU。

     【ZHUYISHIXIANG】

       ZAIGAIMAOYIFANGSHIXIA,MAIFANGYIBANBUNENGQUDECHUKOUHUOWUYUNSHUDANJU。BAOGUANDANCHENGJIAOFANGSHIYILANHAIGUANYIBANHUIDAYINWEI“FOB”。


[FOB]


       FOB(Free On Board),ZHONGWENYISISHI“CHUANSHANGJIAOHUOJIA”,YECHENG“LIANJIA”,ZHIANLIANJIAJINXINGDEJIAOYI,MAIFANGFUZEPAICHUANJIEYUNHUOWU,MAIFANGYINGZAIHETONGGUIDINGDEZHUANGYUNGANGHEGUIDINGDEQIXIANNEIJIANGHUOWUZHUANGSHANGMAIFANGZHIDINGDECHUANZHI,BINGJISHITONGZHIMAIFANG。


[CFR(C&F)]

       CFR(Cost and Freight),ZHONGWENYISISHI“CHENGBENJIAYUNFEI”,ZHIZAIZHUANGYUNGANGCHUANSHANGJIAOHUO,MAIFANGXUZHIFUJIANGHUOWUYUNZHIZHIDINGMUDEDIGANGSUOXUDEFEIYONG。


[CIF]

      CIF(Cost,Insurance and Freight)ZHONGWENYISISHI“CHENGBENJIABAOXIANFEIJIAYUNFEI”,ANCISHUYUCHENGJIAO,HUOJIADEGOUCHENGYINSUZHONGBAOKUOCONGZHUANGYUNGANGZHIYUEDINGMUDEDIGANGDETONGCHANGYUNFEIHEYUEDINGDEBAOXIANFEI,GUMAIFANGCHUJUYOUYUCFRSHUYUDEXIANGTONGDEYIWUWAI,HUANYAOWEIMAIFANGBANLIHUOYUNBAOXIAN,ZHIFUBAOXIANFEI。

  

FOB、CFR、CIFZHESANZHECHENGJIAOFANGSHIXIAFENGXIANZHUANYIDOUSHIYIZHUANGYUNGANGCHUANXIANWEIJIE

CFR(C&F)TONGCHANGSHIZHIFOB+YUNFEI

CIFTONGCHANGSHIZHIFOB+YUNFEI+BAOXIANFEI



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